Although sometimes sold for outdoor use, bamboo furniture can't tolerate prolonged exposure to the elements or direct sunlight. If you use bamboo outdoors, keep it in a sheltered area such as beneath a covered patio. Store outdoor bamboo during prolonged rainy weather to avoid exposure to too much moisture. Dry air indoors can cause cracking. Indoor bamboo also requires protection from sunlight, and wiping it down weekly with a slightly dampened cloth can prevent overdrying and cracking, especially in cold weather when the furnace is pumping warm, dry air into the home.
Regular dusting, with either a soft dusting cloth or a dust brush vacuum attachment, maintains the gloss of the wood. A mild detergent and water solution removes everyday soil with minimal effort. Wiping down the surface of the bamboo with a soft cloth and the detergent suds cleans up surface dirt, although you may need a small soft-bristled brush to clean between joints and in crevices. If the bamboo has rawhide bindings, wipe these down with a dry cloth because moisture can weaken the rawhide. Bamboo furniture that also contains hardwood elements requires careful cleaning. Use detergent and water on the bamboo, but only clean the hardwood parts with a dry cloth or wood cleaner.
Eventually, soil builds up too heavily and routine methods may not clean the bamboo sufficiently. A deeper scrubbing with a soft-bristled scrub brush and detergent works the soil out of the bamboo fibers. Rinse the detergent from the bamboo with a moistened sponge so the fibers don't absorb too much moisture and swell. Quick drying further prevents damage, so either wipe down the bamboo with a clean towel promptly or clean it and set it outside on a windy day. Rubbing a thin coat of liquid wax into the bamboo brings back the shine and luster.